Land, air, and water are all means of transportation, but not one is totally free from accidents.
In man’s bid for advancement and various means of making things easier and faster to do, aircrafts were invented.
The plane is an air transportation means which allows one to move from one location to the other domestically or internationally with ease.
Planes were carefully designed and made by various inventors over the years, till it eventually took a form which we are quite familiar with today.
Of course, the advancement will not stop here as we can continue to look forward to the addition of various other features as well as other addition soon to be added to air-bond transports.
However though, it is quite unfortunate that each of man’s inventions has its liability as some of them are prone to accidents.
The plane is not left out of the inventions which are prone to accidents and its accident can be quite fatal.
But you can be safe to a certain extent if you know the causes, so as to avoid them.
Causes Of Plane/Aircraft Accidents
Here are 50 top causes of aircraft accidents you should know:
- Mechanical Failure
Although not so common if the plane was checked properly before takeoff. Mechanical failure is a cause of accidents.
- Heavy Winds
Winds which have become thunderstorm also cause aircraft accidents.
This is an intense downdraft produced by thunderstorm or rain shower.
- Wind Shear
This is a sudden change in the speed and direction of the wind especially when it is heavy.
- Very Heavy Rainfall
Planes which do not divert or land during very heavy rainfall are also at risks of crashing due to engine failure.
- Take off
When not done properly and correctly, planes do crash at this point
The risk here is almost the same at that of take off.
Hail could also cause plane crash.
- Icing on wings
- Clear Air Turbulence
This is another weather condition related to the air. It however occurs at very high altitudes.
- Fuel Deprivation
When there is fuel deprivation, accidents occur.
Extreme/severe lightnings have been known to strike down planes.
- Cross winds landing
This occurs when the wind is across the runway during landing.
- Tailwinds landing
This is when the plane lands in such a way that it needs more runway than usual.
- Pilot’s incompetence
When one who is not licensed or competent enough is allowed to drive/pilot a plane, it’s likely to crash.
In the case of hijack, protocols are neglected and this causes accident.
The malfunction on any part of the plane may also cause accident.
- Human error
These are mistakes made by people in charge such as fueller, traffic controllers and others.
- Severe Turbulence
Severe turbulence also causes aircraft accident.
The outbreak of fire in the cabin or anywhere else may lead to aircraft accident
Error on the part of the pilot or any of the crew also causes accident.
- Bird Strike
- Design Limitation
When an aircraft is not designed to be able to withstand certain things, and it faces them, accidents occur.
When an aircraft carries more than its capacity, it may likely meet with an accident.
- Lack of communication with air traffic control
When a plane is in flight, constant communication is expected to be kept with the air traffic control for the necessary information.
- Loss of communication with air traffic control
When the communication is established but lost, a plane may go astray.
- Low Altitude operation
- Sick/Unconscious pilot
When a pilot falls sick or even worse, becomes unconscious, without necessary help from a co-pilot, accident may occur.
- Diversion from planned path
When a plane is about to takeoff, there is usually a scheduled path of flight for it.
However, a deviation is very likely to lead to accident, especially when the pilot wanders into dangerous zones.
- Inactive/ incompetent air traffic control
When the air controller who ought to keep the pilot and plane in check is not competent, then accident may occur.
- Radar Failure
When the radar which is supposed to guide the pilot fails, accidents occur.
In the case of sabotage, explosion may occur, thereby causing aircraft accidents.
- Direction loss
Almost the same as deviation from the path, the loss of direction also causes accidents.
Although not very likely, it’s quite possible that accidents occur during climb
Fog hinders the visibility of the pilot which might cause accidents.
- Lack of Visibility
- Poor Airplane Maintenance
When the plane is not maintained properly, it wrecks very easily.
- Failure of pilot to obey orders
When the ATC warns the pilot to avoid certain zones, but does not heed.
- Wrong orders from Air traffic control
Sometimes, the ATC may make mistakes and send the wrong orders.
- Problem with communication
When the orders from the ATC don’t get across clearly to the pilot, accidents are likely to occur.
- Emotionally unstable pilot
The emotional stability of the pilot may affect his ability to work efficiently.
- Engine failure
Another part of mechanical failure is engine failure
- Mid-air collision
Plane collision in mid-air is not co common but when care is not taken, it occurs.
- Sudden Climate Change
The weather alongside the climate is studied when a plane is in flight. However, sudden change may lead t to unforeseen circumstances.
- System component failure Non Power plant
- System component failure Power plant
There are aircraft accidents which occur whose cause has not been determined
- Controlled Flight into Terrain
- Other causes.
Although most of the factors causes plane crashes are mainly weather related, this is beyond the control of passengers and they have to rely on the pilot and the airport officers to make the right decision.
As a passenger, avoid panicking and always hope for the best!